With patience and consistency, you can get your ferret to use a litter box and reduce messes during play time!
Time Required: variable
- Initially, keep ferret confined to cage with a litterbox.
- Observe to make sure ferret is using box. If your ferret seems to prefer another area of cage, move litterbox there.
- Once your ferret is using litter box in cage, let out of cage in a limited space, under close supervision. Place a second litterbox outside of the cage in this space.
- Place the ferret in the litter box before taking out to play, and frequently take to box during play time.
- If you notice your ferret backing into a corner, take him/her to the litter box.
- Whenever the ferret uses the litter box, make sure he/she gets lots of praise and possibly a favorite treat.
- Never punish your ferret for mistakes. Gently place your ferret in the litter box if caught in the act, but this must be immediate to have any effect.
- Once your ferret is using box outside of the cage, gradually increase the space the ferret can roam in.
- Add more litter boxes as necessary as a ferret likely won't go too far in search of a box.
- Be flexible about placement of boxes - if your ferret seems to prefer a particular place as a toilet, put a box there.
- If your ferret wants to use an inconvenient location, place a box there and gradually move it out of the way.
- If your ferret begins having accidents, go back to the confinement or limited space with supervision stage and begin again.
- Use a low walled box, and you may want to leave a little waste in the box to make it clear that it is the toilet area.
- In the cage, put in lots of blankets and towels around the box to clearly separate the bed and bathroom areas.
- Be patient and consistent, and expect a few accidents as ferrets usually don't litter train perfectly. Constant supervision while ferret is out of the cage will be necessary in the early stages.